1. Researches established that complete coordination of motor activities is attained at-

            a. pre-natal stage                                              c. adolescence stage

            b. childhood stage                                             d. infancy

2. Parents and teacher are considered as authorities and models by children at the early         childhood stage. What does this statement imply?

            a. Parents should enforce strict discipline at home and teachers in school.

            b. Teachers and parents should serve as role models at all times.

            c. Teachers should demand complete obedience from the learners in school.

            d. Parent-teacher conference should always be an activity in school.

3. This is the stage when the learner becomes confused and starts to experience identify         crisis. Which of these stages is it?

            a. early childhood                                             c. late childhood

            b. early adulthood                                             d. adolescent

4. Which of the following will trigger additional development if a child is exposed to more           challenges and stimuli in his surroundings?

            a. potentials                                                      c. emotional development

            b. intelligence                                                    d. interest

5. Which of the following is usually considered the most important factor in a child’s               observable classroom behavior?

            a. intelligence                                                    c. cultural  background

            b. hereditary                                                     d. self-concept

6. Social adjustment means the ability to behave in accordance with-

            a. social expectations                                        c. social unrest

            b. stereotyped behavior                                      d. universal norms

7. Which of these theories holds that human activity is based on the interaction of stimuli        and responses?

            a. association                                                    c. cognitive-field

            b. vector                                                           d. social-learning

8. The tendency to imitate elders is very strong in the early childhood stage. Teachers             should therefore be very good –              

            a. role models                                                   c. facilitators of learning

            b. counselors                                                    d. disciplinarians

9. Psychological, there is unity in all learning; however, there are distinct types of learning       that are recognized. One is affective learning that are recognized. One is affective               learning that involves-

            a. understanding of the external world through the use of the senses

            b. formation of concepts and ideas

            c. acquisition of attitudes, ideals, judgment and values

            d. acquisition of facts and information

10. Identical twins are more alike than fraternal twins. Which of the following                            statements/principles is supported by this?

            a. Heredity has a part in determining physical appearance.

            b. Intelligence is determined partly by pre-natal nutrition.

            c. Environment affects both fraternal and identical twins.

            d. Intelligence hinges in physical structure.

11. Children’s interests are generally largely dependent on their experiences. Which of the         following is an implication of this statement?

a. The curriculum should provide vital experiences if the school must use its oppurtunities to develop interest.

b. A large part of the subject matter has to be easy if they are to be interesting and within the learner’s experience.

c. The experience of the child reduces the area in which the school may choose to develop interests.

d. The school should not develop interest outside the experiences of the child.


12. The female gonads which are responsible for the production of egg cells are also known       as __________.

            a. uterus                                                           c. fallopian tube

            b. ovary                                                             d. cervix

13. It is the process by which an organism inherits the characteristics traits of the parents

            a. heredity                                                        c. development

            b. maturation                                                    d. fertilization

14. The child’s concept of right and wrong is based on external criteria laid down by adults         during the stage of pre-conventional morality. This is based on the ideas of-

            a. Erikson                                                         c. Kohlberg

            d. Freud                                                            d. Piaget

15. During the pre-operational stage, language skill emerges and the child uses words to           represent ideas. This theory is attributed to ____________.

            a. Wallace                                                        c. Kohlberg

            d. Piaget                                                           d. Dewey

16. When the daughter is competing with the mother for the father’s attention, the daughter       is said to be experiencing _________.

            a. electra complex                                             c. oedipus complex

            b. identity crisis                                                 d. sexual deviation

17. Denzel’s mother noticed that her son always wants to get her attention and is jealous of       his father. Denzel then can be classified under what psychoanalytic stage of                       development?

            a. latency                                                          c. phallic

            b. genital                                                           d. oral

18. Classical conditioning theory is always attributed to him for his experiment involving the       dog’s salivation as a reaction to the sound of the buzzer.

            a. Bandura                                                        c. Pavlov

            b. Lewin                                                           d. Skinner

19. Section 5, Article XIV, of the constitution states that academic freedom shall be                   enjoyed in:

            a. state colleges and universities.

            b. all institutions of higher learning

            c. public assemblies.

            d. all levels of learning.

20. As provided for in the Education Act of 1982, how are the institutions of learning                   encouraged to gset higher standards of quality over and above the minimum required for       state recognition?

            a. academic freedom                                         c. formal education

            b. continuing professional education                   d. voluntary accreditation

21. Which of these statements regarding professional teachers is the major differences in         the professionalization of teacher and teaching as promulgated in Presidential Decree         1006 and in Republic Act 7836?

            a. Assigned at the tertiary level in both private and state colleges and universities.

            b. Assigned at the elementary and secondary levels in both public and private                         schools.

            c. Holder of valid professional license and certificate of registration.

            d. Appointed on full-time basis and on a permanent status.

22. Education is a continuous process of experiencing and of receiving or reorganizing              experiences, according to John Dewey. Which of the following situation is apt to happen      in education as influenced by Dewey’s philosophy?

a. Education takes place in the school where the individual is exposed to specific,       self-contained experiences

            b. Education may take place anywhere and anytime the individual so desires

            c. Education is never completed and goes throughout life

            d. Education may take place formally or informally to enable the individual to grow

23. The main function of a philosophy of education is to _________

            a. Define the goals and set the direction for which education is to strive.

            b. Aid the learner to build his own personal philosophy.

            c. Reconsider existing educational goals in the light of society’s needs.

            d. Provide the academic background prerequisite to learning.

24. A teacher who subscribe to the pragmatic philosophy of education believes that                  experience should follow learning. In her teaching, she therefore exerts efforts in –

            a. Requiring learners full mastery of the lessons.

            b. Encouraging learners to memorize factual knowledge.

            c. Equipping learners with the basic abilities and skills.

            d. Providing learners opportunities to apply theories and principles.

25. “The control and the administration of all educational institutions shall be vested in the         citizens of the Philippines” is stipulated in ____________.

            a. P.D. 6-A                                                      c. P.D. No. 176

            b. P.D. 1006                                                    d. 1987 Constitution

26. The first kindergarten also known as “a garden where children could grow” was the               product of research by ___________.

            a. Pestalozzi         b. Herbart            c. Rousseau            d. Froebel

27. Which of the following embodies the operation “Return to the Basics”?

            a. New Secondary Education Curriculum Test

            b. National Elementary Achievement Test

            c. National Secondary Achievement Test

            d. New Elementary School Curriculum

28. Which of the following is a mandate of the 1987 Constitution that the state shall                   maintain to fight illiteracy?

            a. Formal and non-formal education should be free and compulsory for all children                   and adults.

b. Free education in both elementary and high school and compulsory in                     elementary education for all children of school age.

c. Education at all levels should be free and compulsory.

d. Free and compulsory education for both elementary and high school for all             children of school age.

29. Which of these philosophies is reflective of that of Dewey’s which stresses the                    development of an individual capable of reflective thinking specially that of being able to        solve the problem he faces individually or collectively?

            a. Developmentalism                                         c. Rationalism

            b. Experimentation                                            d. Discipline

30. Which of the following abilities is stressed by humanistic education?

            a. Enjoy the great works of man such as the classics.

            b. Learn the different philosophies of education.

            c. Make man distinctively civilized, educated and refined.

            d. Develop man into a thinking individual.

31. The Athenian ideal of education is to form a cultural soul in a graceful and symmetrical         body. How can this be achieved?

            a. by giving more focus on health education

            b. by adapting the philosophy “know thyself”

            c. by improving emphasis on physical education

            d. by a well-balanced development of mind, body and soul

32. The government prescribes a higher percentage on the administration of educational             institutions to Filipino citizens in order to _______.

            a. Ensure the teaching of Filipino.

            b. Minimize the unemployment problem.

            c. Protect the rights of the citizens.

            d. Produce globally competitive graduates.

33. Which of the following was the fundamental reason why John Dewey proposed a                transformation of the public school system?

a. He recognized that a traditional academic education did not serve the ideals of a     democratic society.

            b. He recognized that the intellectual motivation of the students was declining.

            c. He recognized that industrialization was destroying the home, neighborhood, and                church.

d. He recognized that change and innovation were essential ingredients of the             progressive movement.

34. Basic education includes secondary education. Which of the following contributed to           the establishment of secondary schools?

            a. Humanistic education                                                c. Rationalism

            b. Reformation                                                              d. Realistic

35. His philosophy advocated a classical type of liberal education or the body of the                   humanities.

            a. Irving Babbitt                                                              c. John Dewey

            b. Jean Jacques Rousseau                                             d. Aristotle

36. What was the philosophy of education in the Philippines before the establishment of the      public school system?

            a. Idealism                                                                    c. Humanism

            b. Realism                                                                    d. Pragmatism

37. Which of these options was not recommended by EDCOM?

            a. provisions for special education

            b. institutional of pre-school education

            c. strengthening of Values Education

            d. increasing the number of state colleges and universities

38. The present military training in our school curriculum is an influence of _____________

            a. Greece                     b. Athens                      c. Sparta                      d. Rome

39. The Royal Decree of December 20, 1863 established in the Philippines a system of-

            a. high school education                                    c. higher education

            b. intermediate education                                  d. primary education

40. Whose philosophy expounded the concepts of the laboratory school?

            a. Plato                                                             c. Jean Jacques Rousseau

            b. John Dewey                                                 d. Irving Babbit

41. Whose philosophy influenced the present emphasis on Character Education and Value      Education in our school system?

            a. Confucius                                                     c. Gandhi

            b. Tagore                                                         d. Bonifacio

42. Who expounded on the need to study the child carefully for individualized instruction?

            a. Boccaccio                                                    c. Erasmus

            b. Ascham                                                        d. Da Feltre

43. Tutoring of learners is now practiced in our school provided it is not done by their own           teachers but by an outsider. Which of these Western philosophies influenced this               practice?

            a. Egyptian                                                       c. Roman

            b. Greek                                                           d. Athenian

44. Whose philosophy inspired the inclusion of Physical Education in the curriculum and          the replacement of lectures with textbooks?

            a. Da Feltre                                                      c. Petrarch

            b. Boccaccio                                                    d. Erasmus

45. The present Philippine Teachers Professionalization Act had its beginning on what               period of Roman History?

            a. A.D.275-259 – government established a monopoly on education

            b. AD 100-AD 175 – government increased its subsidy for education

            c. 132 B.C. – A.D. 100 – Latin literature and grammar were perfected

            d. 295 B.C.- 153 B.C. – schools were elementary only

46. He suggested that the competition and awards should be used to motivate people.

            a. Aristotle          b. Plato                   c. Herbart                     d. Socrates

47. The singing of the National Anthem is an offshoot of the philosophical ideals of                     _________.

            a. Nationalism                                                   c. Pragmatism

            b. Naturalism                                                    d. Socialism

48. The idea of Practical Arts and Home Economics subjects for boys is the philosophy of         ___________.

            a. Confucius                 b. Gandhi                     c. Rizal

49. A popular mass education for the Filipinos under the American regime came into being        upon the passage of __________.

            a. Act No. 74 in 1901                                  c. Monroe Education Survey of 1929

            b. Education Decree of 1863                        d. Royal Decree of 1865

50. An adolescent combines his ability to use deductive and inductive reasoning in realistic      rules that he can respect and live by. When he does this, how does he perceive his            environment?

            a. He views the world from his own perspective

            b. He sees the world through the eyes of other people

            c. He interprets events from a limited point of view

            c. He sees event apart from himself and other people

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