PRINCIPLES AND METHODS OF TEACHING, FIELD STUDY, EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY AND PRACTICE

1. If the children are cooperatively engaged with the teachers in a group project the children will discipline themselves as each member of the group exercises –

            a. obedience to the teacher                               c. peer influence

            b. special interest                                              d. moral compulsion

2. A student collapsed in her Social Studies class. It was found out that she did not eat her launch. What principle is shown in this situation?

            a. physiological need                                         c. safety need

            b. security need                                                            d. psychological need

3. Which of these “combination of classes” is organized in places where the required number of pupils of the same grade levels has not met the required number to make up separate class this the teacher apportions class time for instruction to every grade level within the class.

            a. multi-grade                                                   c. extension

            b. heterogeneous                                              d. homogeneous

4. Manual-aesthetic activities involving attitudes and feelings are primarily expressively of emotions and values not thoughts. An example of this motor skill is _________

            a. baking a cake with  background music.

            b. manipulating a bowling ball to achieve a strike.

            c. dancing and playing musical instruments.

            d. saving a board for the wall of a book cabinet.

5. Education is a lifelong process. This simply means that education –

            a. takes place in the school where individual is exposed to specific, self-contained experiences

            b. Is a continuous of experiencing and reorganizing experiences

            c. May take place formally and informally to enable the individual to grow

            d. May take pale anywhere and anytime the individual so desires

6. These are the some of the motivational theories: I. Humanism, II. Cognitivism, III. Behaviorism. Which of these theories views the consequences of behavior as regulator and controller of an individual’s action?

            a. II only                                                           c. I and II only

            b. III only                                                         d. II and III only

7. Which of the following is not a correct statement regarding positive and negative reinforcement as they relate to behavior change in the classroom?

            a. Positive reinforcement refers to the rewarding of certain responses to specific stimuli.

            b. Social disapproval is a form of negative punishment.

            c. Punishment tends to be more effective than rewards in controlling behavior.

            d. Punishment suppresses behavior but does not change it.

8. An appreciation lesson is one that is designed to lead the class to conduct and enjoy something. Which of the following statements closely approximately the meaning of the above?

            a. One cannot fully appreciate what he does not understand or enjoy.

b. A teacher should plan lessons that guide children to appreciate what is beautiful and worthwhile.

c. An appreciation lesson should be a lesson in values.

d. Appreciation lesson help pupils weigh and clarify values.

9. Which of the following activities should be resorted to by a teacher of a fifth grade pupil tells him “O want to draw the corridor, but I can’t make it look right”?

            a. Give him a book of perspective to study an copy/

            b. Advise the pupil to draw something else which does not require perspective

            c. Ask the pupil to learn the rules of perspective.

            d. Make the pupil observe carefully similar form from the classroom windows or his own street.

10. Which of the following refers to the repetition of facts and skills which the teacher wishers to reinforce for mastery?             

            a. drill                                                                           c. recitation

            b. review                                                                      d. mastery

11. In the educative process the three most important factors are the –

            a. child, teacher and parents

            b. child, teacher and method of teaching

            c. child, teacher and subject matter

            d. child, teacher and venue for learning

12. Which of the following is the best time for a teacher to set up routine activities that will contribute to effect classroom management?

            a. During each homeroom day

            b. On the very first day of school

            c. Daily at the start of the session

            d. As soon as the students have established and adjusted their schedules

13. Which of the following refers to the orderly steps and procedures used by the teacher to make the learning process more meaningful and interesting?

            a. learning                                                                     c. plan

            b. device                                                                      d. method

14. In teaching, the teacher reaches a step where data are critically evaluated and a conclusion is generally at. How is this step called?

            a. application                                                                c. presentation

            b. generalization                                                            d. preparation

15. In large classes where little of the work can be individualized, the most effective and practical way to individualized instruction is to –

            a. Give the pupil freedom to launch individual projects.

            b. Devise group activities which afford every pupil an opportunity to work at his own level.

            c. Assign homework and check it regularly.

            d. Assign programmed material for out-of-class-hour.

16. Which of these is the MOST important principle that a teacher should follow in initiating a program of positive reinforcement?

            a. Punish negative behavior and reward positive behavior.

            b. Provide regular opportunity for socially acceptable behavior.

            c. Make sure the reward comes immediately after the appropriate behavior.

            d. Consider peer approval and recognition.

17. Which of these methods aptly applies to lessons needing experiments?

            a. laboratory                                                                 c. demonstration

            b. process approach                                                     d. problem solving

18. Punishment should not be often used as reinforcement because –

            a. Research findings on the relative effects of reward and punishment are not yet conclusive.

            b. It is deterrent for effective pupil growth.

            c. It motivates the child to conform.

            d. It undermines the child’s feeling of self-confidence.

19. Any change should be made on the basis of evaluation. Which of the following points to this statement?

            a. Facts should be collected.

            b. Place for revision are based in terms of judgment made

            c. Grades are arbitrarily assigned.

            d. Judgments are based on facts.

20. If you will use a film in your class presentation, which of the following will you do?
a. To tell the class to pay close attention to what they are going to see because a quiz will be given after the show.

b. Conduct a preparatory discussion and follow-up in which the relationship of the film to work of the class is established.

            c. Not to tell the class anything about it in advance in order that interest will be high.

d. To assume that the film need not be related to the work of the class as long as they enjoy seeing it.

21. The best way the teacher can be sure of the appropriateness of an instructional material is to _____

            a. try it out before using it in class

            b. consider its cost

            c. consider its availability

            d. consider its technical quality

22. Which of the following should management and discipline problems take into consideration?

            a. Changing rules show weaknesses on the part of the teacher.

b. The proper functioning of the classroom and the individual interest of the learners should be interrelated.

c. Class management is based on a teacher’s ability to subordinate the interest of individual students.

d. The interests of the individual child are more important than the classroom as a whole.

23. Task analysis involves the breaking down of a learning task into subtasks or subtask. Given a task to retell a story, which of the following skills in NOT needed?

            a. to outline a selection                                      c. to identify topic sentence

            b. to disseminate                                               d. to arrange events in sequence

24. You are assigned to teach students with varied abilities. You want to teach a more homogenous grouping. Which type of grouping will tend to benefit your student’s?

            a. high ability grouping                                       c. low ability grouping

            b. mixed ability grouping                                   d. with-in class ability grouping

25. The trend of focusing attention on the child’s interests, abilities and needs and on the improvement of community living necessitate the use of the –

            a. conceptual approach                                     c. project method

            b. integrative technique                                      d. discovery approach

26. What is the best way to reduce the plateau in the learning curve?

            a. Use a variety of situations in the learning process.

            b. Introduce new materials in the learning situation.

            c. Provide better space and rest periods during learning.

            d. Use another form of motivation for learning.

27. What makes the experimental method better than the lecture method?

            a. Pupils memorize whatever principle they learn and retain it longer.

            b. Materials used in the experiment assure retention of learning.

            c. Learner discovers the principle by themselves and thereby understand it better.

            d. Experiment is form of a play activity which children enjoy with understanding.

28. Which of the following is the essential feature of the eclectic method?

            a. It is the most used method.

            b. It is applicable to all types of learner

            c. It combines all the best features of all other methods.

            d. It is recommended by curriculum experts.

29. Mrs. Alvea is encountering problems in classroom discipline. Which of these activities should she employ to maintain classroom discipline?

            a. Enforce a system of rewards and punishments.

            b. Plan constructive and purposeful activities.

            c. Punish erring students in front of the class.

            d. Tell the class that she is the person in authority.

30. The main reason for the use of remedial teaching is to __________.

            a. Guide the child to look for the proper procedure to learn what is taught.

            b. Re-study something which was wrongly taught.

            c. Guide the child to correct his own errors in all types of learning.

            d. Provide more opportunities to repeat what was taught for better mastery.

31. In the class of Mrs. Dioneda, she asked the question “How can you distinguish facts and opinions in the study presented?” How is this question classified?

            a. Analysis                                                        c. Application

            b. Evaluation                                                     d. Comprehension

32. Instructional objectives should inform one who is to perform the desired behavior, the actual desired behavior, the result, the relevant conditions under which the behavior is performed and –

            a. The best items to be used in evaluating the objectives.

            b. The criterion to be used in evaluating the success of the performance.

            c. The materials and references to be used.

            d. The criteria to be followed in carrying out the lesson.

33. What must a teacher keep in minds during oral reading?

            a. Children do not enjoy reading aloud.

            b. Oral reading increases comprehension and recall better than silent reading.

            c. Understanding pupil’s difficulties is the important goal.

            d. This is the best method for determining good readers.

34. Proper selection is the first concern of a teacher who plans to use some audio-visual devices. Which of the following criteria must be considered by the teacher?

            I. Suitability of the material for the intended purpose;

            II. Availability of the material;

            III. Quality;

            IV. Cost?

            a. I, II, and IV                                                  c. I and III

            b. II and IV                                                      d. I, II, III and IV

35. The new teacher entered a noisy classroom. She shouted immediately at the students desperately trying to get order and discipline. Since then the teacher has not controlled the class. Which is the most probable cause of the teacher’s failure?

            a. The new teacher wants to show the class who is the authority.

            b. Rules and procedures are not defined to sustain order.

            c. The class wants to test the ability and patience of the teacher.

            d. The students’ reactions to the teacher are the consequences of her behavior.

36. As manager of the learning situation, the teacher is responsible for the setting up of a physical environment that is most conductive to learning. She could see to it that –

a. The efficiency with which time and energy are spent on the part of the students and the pupils are considered.

b. The type of class reactions to the learning situation are well directed by the teacher.

c. The lightning and ventilation of the room and flexible arrangement of equipment are relevant to the type of activity being pursued.

d. The effectiveness of class routine in the daily class activities is carried out.

37. Individuals differ from each other in their interest, abilities, needs and their learning style ay any given point in time. Which type of instructional program may best enhance the academic achievement of students?

            a. remedial instruction                                                   c. traditional instruction

            b. adaptive instruction                                                   d. computer-assisted instruction

38. In dealing with classroom misconduct, teachers tend to ____________.

            a. plan long curative responses

            b. respond to basic causes

            c. respond to immediate causes

            d. seek stronger punishment than parents would

39. The success of the discovery approach entails following certain principles. Such principles are as follows except one. Which is this?

            a. Learning through self-discovery is enhanced by individualized and small-group explorations.

            b. Children discover relationships and take generalizations in their own individual ways

c. Methods used by children in learning though self-discovery should not be likened to the ways in which scientists think, work, and organized knowledge.

            d. Children learn as a result of their observation and the experiences they undergo.

40. The audio-visual experience is an opportunity for the teacher to guide students for more fruitful learning. Learning will be more effective if the learners ____________.

            a. are told to remember and memorize facts.

            b. listen attentively and jot down notes.

            c. participate actively through open discussion.

            d. are given quizzes immediately after the presentation.

41. Which of these processes can be used to prevent forgetting and unlearning?

            a. motivation                                                                 c. evaluation

            b. presentation                                                              d. drill and review

42. Inquiry lessons require the use of questions in instructing the learner to analyze; interpret and draw conclusion form data gathered. Which type of questions ask for additional data on application of principle?

            a. leading questions                                                       c. historical question

            b. probing questions                                                      d. informational questions

43. The educational implementation or research finding relative to the ability of dull learners and bright learners to organize and generalize is for the teacher –

a. to give both the dull and bright learners concrete and abstract experiences to serve as basis for generalizing

b. to make the bright learners guide the dull ones in learning to generalize

c. to make the bright learners to generalize and the dull ones to memorize

d. to give the dull learners more concrete experiences to serve as basis for generalizing

44. Textbooks can be used to best advantage by ____________.

            a. utilizing the study questions found at the end of every chapter

            b. using them one at a time

            c. basing achievement tests on them

            d. combining them with many other kinds of instructional materials

45. Which of the following will you do first to establish good class management?

            a. Discuss the work plan for the year.

            b. Prepare a seat plan.

            c. Train the class in the distribution of materials.

            d. Discuss the required rules for proper class behavior.

46. Ms. Reyes is preparing for her afternoon class. Which of these criteria should be her primarily consideration in her choice of instructional devices?

            a. appropriateness                                            c. availability

            b. novelty                                                         d. attractiveness

47. Which of the following should be observed relative to the method in a review

            a. It should be longer and more complicated than a development lesson.

            b. It should be the same as that used in teaching the subject.

            c. It should not be the same as that used in teaching the subject.

            d. It should follow a definite time pattern and structures.

48. Which of the following devices provide the appropriate interface between a communication link and system to another?

            a. RAM                                                            c. ANALOG

            b. INTERNET                                                 d. MODEM

49. Which of the following software will you use if you want to create program and customized application?

            a. application software/program                        c. operating system

            b. programming language                                  d. business software

50. The blinking underline in a computer that indicates the “active” or “working” point file is the

            a. arrow                       b. dot                           c. cursor                       d. pointer

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